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Git – 克隆库

在这个Git教程中,您将学习如何在本地系统上远程仓库的克隆。这将复制所有远程到本地系统,你可以开始工作提供的应用程序文件。

1. 生成SSH密钥对

要连接服务器的Git,你可能需要配置基于密钥登录。因此,它不会提示每次您连接到服务器。

rahul@howtoing:~$ ssh-keygenGenerating public/private rsa key pair.Enter file in which to save the key (/home/rahul/.ssh/id_rsa):Created directory '/home/rahul/.ssh'.Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):Enter same passphrase again:Your identification has been saved in /home/rahul/.ssh/id_rsa.Your public key has been saved in /home/rahul/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.The key fingerprint is:99:e7:cd:fe:8e:c6:a0:eb:a0:c7:9f:5d:a3:91:b2:00 rahul@howtoingThe key's randomart image is:+--[ RSA 2048]----+|                 ||                 ||                 ||         o       ||    E   S .      ||     .   o.+     ||     .o ..+o=    ||     .oo.= =oo   ||    .. o*.o.ooo  |+-----------------+

2. 复制公钥到远程服务器

现在复制新generaed下Git帐户公共密钥(的~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub)git的服务器上。使用下面的命令来做到这一点。

rahul@howtoing:~$ ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub git@remote.example.com/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now it is to install the new keysgit@remote.example.com's password:Number of key(s) added: 1Now try logging into the machine, with:   "ssh 'git@remote.example.com'"and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.

3. 克隆远程仓库

现在,使用下面的命令来使本地系统上远程Git仓库的克隆。

rahul@howtoing:~$ git clone git@remote.example.com:project/app1.gitCloning into 'app1'...warning: You appear to have cloned an empty repository.Checking connectivity... done.

在下面的命令代码中使用的本地副本验证远程URL。在结果你会看到两个网址,一个用于读取(fetch),一个用于推送(push)。

rahul@howtoing:~/app1$ git remote -v origin	git@remote.example.com:project/app1.git (fetch)origin	git@remote.example.com:project/app1.git (push)

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